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Rug Glossary of Terms: K

  • Kabul
    Afghan and mogul capital.
  • Kalaleh
    (Persian) One of the extensions which is a part of the pendant further away from the medallion in the centerpiece.
  • Kashmir
    Silk or mercerized cotton carpets from the Islamic region of India. Kashmir rugs are woven with Persian knots and have coloration and ornate patterns unique to India.
  • Kayseri
    Commercial weaving center in Turkey.
  • Kazak
    A district in the west of Azerbaijan. Kazak rugs are distinguished by their coarse long-pile rugs with energetic designs.
  • Kilim
    (Kelim, Gelim, Gilim) A group of flat-woven rugs for which no knots are used— the weft strands are simply woven through the warp strands.
  • Knot
    A knot is formed when wool, cotton or silk yarn is looped around the warp threads. The two main types of knots are Asymmetrical and Symmetrical. Both types differ depending on the region and the tribe.
  • Knot Count
    The number of knots in a square inch of a rug.
  • Knot Density
    Knot density is the general number of knots used in making of a rug. It is measured in the Imperial System in square inch and in the Metric System in square decimeter.
  • Kork Wool
    The very finest quality wool obtained from the belly of sheep.
  • Kuba
    A city in the Caucasus. Most
  • Kufic
    A border design which originated from an Arabic calligraphic script.
  • Kerman
    A city/ province in southeastern Iran with history of rug production dating back to 16th century. The chief manufacturing began in the later 1800s with Keman’s rugs exportation to America. The foundation of Kerman rugs is of cotton, and the knot count is typically high (150-400 per square inch).
  • Khotan
    A city in Eastern western China which produced quality rugs in the 18th and 19th centuries. The motif typically includes three medallions on a red or purple field. Some of the older carpets have metallic threads in them.
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